There is no denying the value of diamonds. Throughout history, diamonds have been on the pedestal of precious stones and it remains to be highly desirable. Some of these stones are featured in royal jewels, while others are famed for their other interesting qualities.
Do you know what the world’s most renowned gems are? Diamonds Sydney investors acknowledge these four diamonds as some of the most famous:
Discovered in 1905 by the Premier Diamond Mining Co. in South Africa, the Cullinan is the largest gem-quality rough, uncut diamond ever to be found. It was named after the owner of the mine, Sir Thomas Cullinan. It originally weighed 3,106.75 carats before it was cut into 105 parts by the Asscher Brothers of Amsterdam.
The Transvaal Colony government purchased the original diamond at 150,000 and had it insured for ten times the said amount. On his birthday, King Edward VII was presented the Cullinan diamond, which was thereafter cut into smaller stone fragments, including the famous Cullinan I (the Great Star of Africa) and the Cullinan II (the Second Star of Africa). Both gems and the rest of the Cullinan cuts can be found among the British royalty’s jewels.
2.The Golden Jubilee Diamond
The Cullinan I diamond lost its title as the biggest polished/cut diamond in 1985 with the discovery of the Golden Jubilee Diamond from the same Premier Mine in South Africa. At 545.67 carats, the yellow gem outweighs the 530.4 carat Great Star of Africa. It has been graded as a fancy yellow-brown diamond.
Before the diamond was cut, it was dubbed the “Unnamed Brown Diamond” and considered a rather unattractive stone. Fortunately, it was given a unique fire rose cushion cut, which transformed the diamond into the priceless piece that it is. It earned its new name, “The Golden Jubilee Diamond”,when King Bhumibol of Thailand received it in honour of his 50th coronation anniversary and changed its name.
The sizeable and valuable diamond remains in the Royal Thai Palace as part of the Crown Jewels to this day. The largest cut and polished diamond is assessed at $4 to $12 million, but appears to be worth more should it be auctioned.
3.The Hope Diamond
Known as the Tavernier Blue, Le Bleu de France (The Blue Diamond of the Crown of France), and Le Bijou Du Roi (The King’s Jewel), the antique Hope Diamond has an interesting history of over 400 years including passing through numerous ownerships and curses of pain and misfortune tied to it.
The diamond is believed to originate from India, reportedly as a gem adorning the statue of a Hindu idol. It was believed to possess great mystical powers in its unusual size and its intense blue colour. Prior to being known as the Hope Diamond, the gem was part of King Louis XIV’s Crown Jewels. However, it was stolen during the French Revolution and has changed hands and several carats since.
The flawless dark blue diamond is currently on display at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History. Harry Winston, the Hope Diamonds last known owner, donated what is widely considered the most famous diamond in the world to the Smithsonian.
The pear-shaped Taylor Burton diamond, also known as the Cartier Diamond or the Cartier-Burton Diamond, is one of the most well-known gems. Richard Burton presented the 69.42 carat stone mounted on a Cartier diamond necklace to then-fiancee Elizabeth Taylor. When she and Burton divorced, the famous actress sold the diamond for $5 million dollars to help build a hospital in Botswana. Robert Mouawad currently owns the precious gem.
These are just among the most famous diamonds in the world, known for their exceptional qualities.